5 Ways to Lower Your New York State Tax Bill


Ah, New York, the Empire State: home to the Big Apple, cascading waterfalls, and, not so proudly, some of the highest taxes in the nation. Whether you’re a city slicker dodging taxis or a country dweller enjoying the serene landscapes, one thing unites all New Yorkers: the quest to lower that pesky tax bill.

Unlike other states that may flaunt no income tax or offer generous deductions, New York tends to take a bigger bite out of your bank account, thanks to its combined state and city income taxes, higher property taxes, and various other levies that can make your financial planning a bit more, let’s say, challenging.

But fear not! With a bit of strategy and a sprinkle of know-how, you can turn the tide in your favor. Let’s dive into five meatier strategies that might just make your tax season a bit brighter.

Read more: we researched free tax software and put together a list of the best options here

1. Contribute to retirement accounts

Packing away money into your retirement accounts, such as a 401(k) or an IRA, is like hitting two birds with one stone: You help secure your golden years and slice your taxable income. For 2023, the IRS allows contributions of up to $19,500 to your 401(k) plan, with an additional catch-up contribution of $6,500 if you’re 50 or older.

This can reduce your taxable income dollar for dollar. In New York taxes, where the state income tax rates range up to 10.9%, lowering your taxable income can lead to substantial savings. Don’t forget about IRA contributions, which can reduce your taxable income, albeit with different limits depending on your filing status and income.

2. Harness the power of 529 college savings plans

New York’s 529 College Savings Plan isn’t just a vessel for educational dreams; it’s also a tax-saving powerhouse. Contributions to a New York 529 plan can reduce your New York State taxable income by up to $10,000 for married couples filing jointly and $5,000 for all other filers. The beauty of this plan doesn’t stop there: Earnings grow federally tax-deferred, and withdrawals for qualified education expenses are tax-free. This is especially advantageous in New York, where every deduction counts against the state’s hefty tax rates.

3. Itemize deductions

While the federal standard deduction has become more attractive to many taxpayers, New Yorkers have a unique incentive to itemize SALT (state and local taxes) deductions. Although capped at $10,000 on the federal level, itemizing can unlock deductions for substantial state and local taxes, mortgage interest, and charitable contributions.

With New York’s high income taxes and property taxes, itemizing can be a game-changer, potentially knocking thousands off your taxable income. The catch? It requires meticulous record-keeping and a bit more legwork. But the savings can be well worth the effort.

4. Capitalize on tax credits

New York offers a plethora of tax credits designed to reduce your tax bill directly. From the Child and Dependent Care Credit, offering up to $3,000 for one qualifying individual, to the College Tuition Credit, up to $400 per student, these credits can provide significant relief. Unlike tax deductions, which reduce the amount of income subject to tax, credits reduce your tax bill dollar for dollar.

Navigating the credits available can be complex, but diving into this can result in substantial savings, making a notable difference in how New York’s tax laws impact your finances compared to other states. Tax software can help you determine what you’re eligible for, as can a tax professional.

5. Invest in real estate

The New York real estate market can be as daunting as it is lucrative, but it has tax advantages. Property owners can deduct property taxes and mortgage interest on their state tax returns, similar to federal deductions.

For those considering rental properties, expenses such as repairs, maintenance, and depreciation can offset rental income, reducing taxable income. Given New York’s high property values and taxes, these deductions and the potential for income through appreciation or rental can make real estate investment a strategic move for tax-savvy individuals.

In a state as diverse and tax-complex as New York, saving on taxes requires a blend of strategy, timing, and a keen eye for detail. By leveraging these five strategies, you’re not just saving money but investing in your future, education, and potentially even your own slice of New York.

Remember, the key to maximizing these benefits lies in personalized planning and, when in doubt, consulting with a tax professional who can navigate New York’s tax labyrinth with you.

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